A juvenile is usually seen as somebody who is between the ages of ten and eighteen, and sixteen in other states. If a child is still over the state’s given age and commits a crime, they will be tried as an adult. Children are seen as “less understanding” of the laws in a state, which is why the courts typically give them special protections. In California, rehabilitative measures for juvenile delinquents is a huge issue. Today you can find out the aspects that are different and those that are the same with the juvenile and adult court systems.
How Are the Two Different?
First of all, juveniles are not necessarily punished for their crimes but instead delinquent acts. If the crime is very serious, only then will it be punished as a crime in the adult system. Furthermore, there is no public trial in juvenile cases, but instead something known as an adjudication hearing. The judge will make a ruling at this hearing after seeing evidence. After the juvenile is determined delinquent, the court will determine the actions that should be taken. In the adult system, the idea is to punish the adult; however, it is different in the juvenile system. The idea is to rehabilitate and give opportunity for a better future.
How Are the Two the Same?
Individuals in both systems have many of the same rights. These typically include any of the following:
- Right to an attorney
- Right to confront witnesses
- Privileges against self-incrimination
- Right to notice of charges
- Reasonable doubt by prosecution
Now that you understand the similarities and differences in these cases, you have the option to speak to an attorney about your case. If you have been accused of a crime or a delinquent act, an attorney is always a good idea to have on your side. Call us today to avoid serious consequences that could stay with you for life.